After 20 years of caring for families at Pueblo Community Health Center, Dr. Rona Knudsen embraces her role as InnovAge PACE’s Center Medical Director, helping vulnerable older adults in the community. <br />
Manage Diabetes with These Tips
November 15, 2021
|This post was medically reviewed by Ann Wells, M.D.|
Two Types of Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system stops your body from producing enough insulin. This type of diabetes is caused by genes, and may be triggered by viruses, or other environmental causes.
Type 2 diabetes – the most common type of diabetes – occurs when your blood sugar is too high. People aged 45 and older are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, especially if there’s a family history of the disease or they are overweight and/or inactive.
The Warning Signs of Diabetes
If your blood sugar is high, you may notice some of these symptoms:
- Frequent urination
- Increased hunger or thirst
- Blurred vision
- Frequent infections
- Weight loss
- Sores that are slow to heal
- Numbness and tingling in hands/feet
Diabetes Prevention and Control
Schedule physical check-ups and routine eye exams at least twice a year to monitor blood sugar levels and vision changes.
Improve your diet and stay as active as possible to manage your weight. Incorporating age-appropriate exercise, like daily walks, yoga, and even dancing, can improve your symptoms and overall health.
Design a Care Plan That’s Right for You
Talk to your healthcare team for advice and support. If you are a participant in the Program of All-inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE), you can work with your coordinated care team to create a specialty care plan for diabetes that may include:
- Reviewing medications and insulin requirements
- Learning how to check your blood sugar levels, record it, and give yourself insulin as needed
- Regular exams with your physician and eye doctor
- Routine skin checks for sores and other symptoms
- Advice from a dietitian to improve overall health
- Prescribed clinical exercise, physical therapy, and/or occupational therapy
- In-home assessments for possible safety equipment that will help prevent falls
- Receiving immunizations to help protect against illness